Chronic kidney disease, also known as chronic renal failure, chronic renal disease, or chronic kidney failure, is much more widespread than people realize; it often goes undetected and undiagnosed until the disease is well advanced.
It is not unusual for people to realize they have chronic kidney failure only when their kidney function is down to 25 percent of normal.
As kidney failure advances and the organ’s function is severely impaired, dangerous levels of waste and fluid can rapidly build up in the body. Treatment is aimed at stopping or slowing down the progression of the disease – this is usually done by controlling its underlying cause.
Fast Facts on Chronic Kidney Disease
Here are some key points about chronic kidney disease. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
- Common symptoms include blood in urine, high blood pressure, and fatigue.
- Causes include diabetes and specific kidney diseases, which includes polycystic kidney disease.
- There is no cure for chronic kidney disease, which means treatment is focussed on reducing symptoms.
- Diagnosis commonly occurs after blood tests, kidney scans, or biopsy.
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